Welcome Participants,


Welcome to the 13th IAMB conference of the International Academy of Management and Business that took place on September 12-14, 2012 at Bali, Indonesia. IAMB extends its gratitude and appreciation for the collaborating efforts of the Career Development Center of Universitas Gadjah Meda, (UGM) and Universitas Islam Indonesia (UII). Special thanks to the Universitas Dhyana Pura Bali (UDP) which sponsored the conference and the outdoor dinner accompanied by Balinese dancers and band. Lastly, thanks to our sponsor, The Association of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (Asosiasi Pesikologi Industri dan Organisasi), Indonesia.


The conference provided a platform for professionals, practitioners, academics, educators and researchers in the various fields of management and business to disseminate and share the latest research, knowledge and experiences. The conference hosted scholars from 25 countries around the world, covering over 45 universities, academic institutions and businesses. The friendly atmosphere, the one on one opportunity for exchange and networking, and the multi-national exposure were cited among the top benefits from conference attendees. Each submitted abstract/paper is peer reviewed and only accepted abstracts/papers were presented. Selected manuscripts will be published in the official journal of IAMB, the International Journal of Management and Business, IJMB.


About IAMB

Our goal is to bring scholars from various fields of management and facilitate meaningful interactions. Hopefully this will lead to professional development opportunities for scholars and practitioners in management and business. IAMB fosters a small conference setting (under 200 participants) with multi-national delegates.



The content of all presentations, views and opinions as well as material published in this Conference Proceedings are the responsibilities of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions, views or the policies of IAMB. Researchers and authors assume responsibility for the accuracy of data and facts published in the Conference Proceedings.


To obtain a copy of these proceedings, you may contact the authors or contact the under signed by mail to IAMB office, 3010 Medway Street, Silver Spring, Maryland 20902, USA, by email to Dr. Batzri or by fax  (301) 585-1417. Individual contributions are copyright by the authors or their employers. This CD compilation and its Internet equivalent are copyrightŠ 2012 by IAMB and Gilron Group, LLC. All rights reserved.


Shmuel Batzri, Ph.D.

Academic Affairs

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