IJMB Journal – Abstracts

International Journal of Management and Business

IJMB Volume VIII, Issue 2


Principals’ Application of Management by Objectives (MBO) in Managing Secondary Schools in South East States of Nigeria

Silas E. Omebe

Provost, Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
E-mail: Silas Omebe


This study was aimed at investigating the application of management by objectives (MBO) by principals in managing secondary schools in South East States of Nigeria. Four research questions and four hypotheses guided the study. The descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The sample of the study comprised of 870 respondents made up of 406 male and 464 female principals selected through proportionate stratified random sampling technique in government-owned secondary schools in South East States of Nigeria. A researcher-made instrument titled “Questionnaire on Principals’ Application of Management by Objectives” (QPAMBO) was validated by experts. The researcher used the 39-item structured questionnaire to obtain data for the study. Internal consistency of the items was tested using Cronbach Alpha and the reliability alpha coefficient values cluster by cluster were: 0.86, 0.84, 0.84 and 0.87 respectively for the four section, which were considered high enough for the reliability of the instrument. Aggregate scores and simple percentages were used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings indicated that majority of the principals apply MBO to a high extent in the four basic tasks performance in school management except in students’ management where greater number of South-East States principals apply MBO to a low extent. It was also found that there was significance difference in the mean scores of male and female principals in their application of MBO in the four basic tasks performance except in students’ management in which there was no significance difference. Based on the findings of this research, one of the recommendations made was that principals and teachers are to update their knowledge continuously through seminars and workshop in the application of MBO in school tasks performance, so that they can utilize the benefits of MBO and apply it to students’ management. Moreover, the application of MBO can be combined with other management techniques like PERT, PPBS and Delphi to avoid monotony so as to achieve educational goals and objectives. The educational implications, limitations of the study were highlighted, and suggestions were also made based on the findings.

Keywords: Principals, Utilization, Management by Objectives, Secondary School, School Management

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